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Jurnal Lasallian Vol. 10 No. 1 Bulan Februari Tahun 2013

2014-08-08 14:34:59 - Posted by admin - Hits : 3329

PENGGANTIAN SEBAGIAN JAGUNG DENGAN AMPAS KELAPA TERHADAP PERFORMANS AYAM PEDAGING

 

Ch. J. Pontoh
(Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Sam Ratulangi)

 

Abstract

This research aims to determine the effects of replacement of a portion of corn with coconut pulp in the broiler rations to the consumption, the weight gain, as well as the efficient use of the rations. The research materials are 100 unsexed chickens aged 2 weeks, from the strain perdua (Sg 807). The rations that were used in this experiment consist of five different treatments.
This experiment used the “split plot in time” (a separate plot pattern) with the random basic complete design. Measured Variables consisted of rations, weight gain, and the efficient use of the fodder.
The analysis of variance showed the not significantly different effect (P> 0.05) of the change of rations to the ration consumptions, weight gain and fodder efficiency. Further analysis showed also that the period effect of the ration consumption, weight gain and fodder efficiency were significantly different (P
From this research it is concluded that the replacement of up to 10 percent of corn with coconut pulp in broiler ration gives the same response to the sum of consumption, weight gain and efficiency of fodder utilization.

Key Words:     corn, coconut pulp, performance, broiler.

 

 




PRODUKSI TANAMAN STYLOSANTHES GUYANENSIS VAR. SCHOVIELD YANG DIBERI PUPUK


Freddy Rompas

 

Abstrak

Grasses and legumes could control or decreased erotion, protected and increased soil thriving, also as feedstuff for herbivores. Stylosanthes guyanensis var. Schovield was introduced in 1975, could adapted and grown well in North Sulawesi in order to got maximal production, a good managing was needed, for example by fertilizer. Legumes need phosphor fertilization in a high amount, so that a research had done in order to known the accurate dose. Experiment was did by completely randomized design consist 6 treatments and 4 repetitions, namely : 0 Kg/Ha/year (A), 50 Kg/ha/year (B), 100 Kg/ha/year (C), 150 Kg/Ha/year (D), 200 Kg/Ha/year (E), 250 Kg//Ha/year (F) and (b4) 6000 ppm, (b5) 8000 ppm and 9b6) 10000 ppm. Statistic analisis shown that phosphor fertilizer at 200 kg/ha/year dose, was the highest in fresh and dry matter production (P

Keywords: production, stylosanthes guyanensis, phosphor.

 

 




PENANGGULANGAN POPULASI PEDICULUS HUMANUS CAPITIS PADA PASIEN RS Prof. Dr. V. L. RATUMBUYSANG – MANADO


Johanis Kerangan, Vonny Rumampuk, Grace B. Polii
(Universitas Katolik De La Salle, Manado)

 

Abstrak

Pediculus humanus capitis/Kutu kepala bersifat kosmopolit (tersebar seluruh dunia), ditemukan pada keadaan penduduk (padat, kebiasaan masyarakat yang kurang baik terutama dalam hal personal hygiene, pendidikan kesehatan kurang baik khususnya sanitasi lingkungan, sosial ekonomi rendah).
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memberantas kutu kepala pada pasien.
Disain penelitian adalah cross sectional dan eksperimental dengan jumlah sampel 17 pasien RS Ratumbuysang-Manado. Penelitian dilaksanakan bulan Juli 2012. Hasil penelitian kelompok usia 31 – 40 tahun terbanyak terinfestasi kutu kepala 6 pasien (35,29%), usia 41 – 50 tahun 5 pasien (29,41%) dan kelompok usia 20 – 30 tahun 2 pasien (11,76%), dan 51 – 60 tahun 2 pasien (11,76%), usia 61 – 65 tahun 2 pasien (11,76%). Penanggulangan kutu kepala dengan cara membunuh kutu kepala dewasa dan nimfa menggunakan kapur ajaib dan VCO kemudian kutu kepala dan nimfa yang telah mati dikeluarkan dari kepala dengan menyisir kutu kepala dewasa, nimfa dengan sisir serit, dan mengeluarkan telur kutu dari rambut pasien dengan menarik telur kutu dari rambut.
Disimpulkan bahwa kutu kepala, nimfa dan telur kutu dapat diberantas dengan menggunakan kapur ajaib dan VCO. Disarankan: 1) Perlu kesadaran setiap pihak yang terkait untuk setiap hari memperhatikan kebersihan kulit kepala pasien sakit jiwa yang dirawat di rumah sakit. 2) Mempertahankan kebersihan kulit kepala dan rambut pasien sakit jiwa dengan setiap hari melakukan personal hygiene pasien dan memeriksa kebersihan kulit kepala dan rambut.

Keywords: Pediculus humanus capitis, kapur ajaib, VCO, pasien

.

 




EFEK RESTRIKSI KONSUMSI TERHADAP PERKEMBANGAN ADIPOSA ABDOMEN TERNAK AYAM


Laurentius .J.M Rumokoy1,2), Bawole Nurhalan1), Wisje Lusia Toar1) dan Ivonne M. Untu1)
(1)Department of Nutrition and Feed Science, Faculty of Animal Science, University of Sam Ratulangi, 2)Agriculture Laboratory, Faculty of Agriculture, University of De La Salle - Manado)

 

Abstrak

The aim of this research is to investigate the influence of ration restriction on the development of abdominal adipose by detecting lipid abdomen accumulation in broiler. We do hope that the results of this research can contribute to control the cost production. The results show that the broiler ration restriction, from 5% to 15% decreased the presentation of abdominal lipids, whereas concerning the treatment until 20% restriction influence to the carcass presentation there were not different significantly. By these results, we recommend to continue this research, as the next stage research, to investigate the ration restriction influence on development of preadipose in the broilers body. This is important to anticipate the strategies to control the accumulation of lipids as the over energy consummation consequence.

Keywords: ration restriction, abdominal lipids, broilers.

 

 




KAJIAN KOMPONEN ASAM LEMAK JENUH PADA VIRGIN COCONUT OIL YANG DIPRODUKSI OLEH USAHA KECIL DI KECAMATAN KALAWAT KABUPATEN MINAHASA UTARA DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN GAS LIQUID CHROMATOGRAPHY


Lucia C. Mandey
(Sam Ratulangi University, Research Institute, Manado)


 

Abstrak

Kegiatan penelitian dengan judul ” Kajian Komponen Asam Lemak Jenuh Pada Virgin Coconut Oil yang Diproduksi Oleh Usaha Kecil Di Kecamatan Kalawat Kabupaten Minahasa Utara Dengan Menggunakan Gas Liquid Chromatography”. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk (1) mengukur kualitas Virgin Coconut Oil pada Usaha Kecil yang ada di Kecamatan Kalawat Kabupaten Minahasa Utara seperti kualitas rendemen, kadar air, asam lemak bebas (FFA), dan (2) mendeteksi komponen profil methyl ester Asam lemak penyusun Virgin Coconut Oil dengan menggunakan Gas Liquid Chromatography, seperti : Asam Lemak Kaprilat, Kaprat, Laurat, Miristat, Palmitat, Stearat, Oleat dan Linoleat. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode eksperimen di laboratorium dan dilapangan Pada Usaha Kecil VCO di Kecamatan Airmadidi Kabupaten Minahasa Utara. Variabel pengamatan kualitas VCO yang dilakukan dalam penelitian ini adalah (a) Pengujian Rendemen, (b) KadarAir (Sudarmadji, 1996), (c) Penentuan Asam Lemak Bebas (FFA) menurut ( Sudarmadji, 1996), (d). Penentuan Profil Methyl Ester Asam Lemak dengan GLC : deteksi Asam Lemak Kaprilat, Kaprat, Laurat, Miristat, Palmitat, Stearat, Oleat, dan Linoleat, (e) Penentuan Warna dengan metode Sensoris Tingkat Perbedaan (Metode MCDA). Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa (a) Kualitas Virgin Coconut Oil yang dihasilkan, pada umumnya memberikan hasil kualitas yang memenuhi Standar Kualitas Nasional (SNI) dan Standar APCC. (b) Hasil deteksi komponen profil methyl esther asam lemak penyusun VCO pada Usaha Kecil di wilayah Kecamatan Kalawat : Komposisi asam lemak laurat VCO dengan perlakuan tertinggi diperoleh pada Usaha Kecil pengolahan VCO dengan Kode A, yakni sebesar 59.327 %, selanjutnya diikuti dengan nilai komposisi asam lemak laurat sebesar 58,968 % pada Usaha kecil Kode B, dan Usaha Kecil Kode C dengan komposisi asam lemak laurat sebesar 58,460 %. Ketiga usaha kecil yang berada di wilayah ini, menunjukkan nilai kualitas VCOnya berkualitas baik, sesuai dengan standar yang ditentukan oleh SNI bahkan standar dari APCC.

Keywords: Asam Lemak Jenuh, Virgin Coconut Oil, GLC.

 

 




POPULASI PEDICULUS HUMANUS CAPITIS PADA ANAK-ANAK DI PANTI-PANTI ASUHAN DI PROVINSI SULAWESI UTARA


Maria Vonny Rumampuk

(Universitas Katolik De La Salle, Manado)

 

Abstrak

Pediculus humanus capitis (kutu kepala) adalah masalah umum pada anak-anak usia sekolah. Sebuah studi cross-sectional dilakukan di sepuluh panti asuhan di Provinsi Sulawesi Utara pada tahun 2012 bertujuan untuk mengetahui populasi pediculus humanus capitis pada anak-anak di sepuluh panti asuhan di Provinsi Sulawesi Utara.

Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa dari 568 anak-anak 106 (18,66%) yang memiliki Pediculus humanus capitis. Proporsi yang tinggi dari Pediculus humanus capitis ditemukan di antara anak perempuan 83 (14,61%).

Anak-anak muda (7-12 tahun) memiliki Pediculus humanus capitis dengan persentasi yang sangat tinggi 68 anak (11,97%) dibandingkan dengan kelompok usia lainnya. Juga proporsi yang tinggi pendidikan SD 66 (11,62%) memiliki Pediculus humanus capitis. Proporsi yang tinggi dari Pediculus humanus capitis ditemukan di antara anak-anak yang tinggal di panti asuhan yang padat penghuninya. Populasi tertinggi Pediculus humanus capitis dewasa 68, nimfa 122, telur 1504. Populasi tinggi Pediculus humanus capitis ditemukan pada seorang anak SD, perempuan, berambut panjang sebahu, berumur 7 tahun mengalami infeksi kulit kepala, terjadi iritasi kulit kepala, papul warna merah, pustula, krusta.

Pada umumnya Pediculus humanus capitis terdapat di antara anak-anak muda dengan kebersihan kepala dan rambut yang buruk dan di antara anak-anak yang berambut panjang di panti-panti asuhan. Disimpulkan bahwa populasi tertinggi Pediculus humanus capitis mengakibatkan terjadi infeksi kulit kepala.

Keywords: Pediculus humanus capitis, panti asuhan, anak.

 

 




BEBERAPA FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI KEPUASAN KERJA KARYAWAN JUMBO SWALAYAN DIKOTA MANADO


Meitty Wongkar
(Fakultas Ekonomi,Univeristas Katolik De La Salle, Manado)

 

Abstrak

One of the significant assets in determining the purpose and goal that will be achieved by an enterprise is the human resources where the potential resources are highly expected to establish a really ideal business enterprise and the workers are expected to increase the productivity. The location of research is in Jumbo Supemarket located in Sam Ratulangi street. This research aims to analyze the influence of leadership, workers placement, and competition on the work satisfaction of the workers in Jumbo Supermarket . The sample has been taken from 120 workers. The research variables are leadership, Workers placement, compensation, and work satisfaction. The technique in analyzing data is the simple analysis using questionnaires as the technique of collecting data. Distributed to the workers of Jumbo Supermarket. The result the research indicates that the work satisfaction of the workers in Jumbo Supermarket are influenced by the style of the leader, where the leader is categorized as medium/ average which means that the leader is incapable of providing maximal role, he is lack in motivating the workers, as result their achievement are decreasing . However, there is a positive influence between the placement in unadjustable with their education and their level of work satisfaction is determined by the greatness and smallness of the compensation provided by enterprise. Meanwhile, compensation is categorized as high in which Jumbo Supermarket is paying significant attention to workers achievement, the salary and wages are paid in accordance with the work achievement. The factors of leadership, workers placement and compensation, simultaneously influenced the work satisfaction, which means that the better the style of the leader, the better the regulation of the system, and the better the system is in providing compensation, then the work satisfaction will certainly increase . Therefore, it is suggested that the style of the existing leader is necessary to be enhanced through reading many literatures connected with enterprises management. The system of workers placement should be observed in order to increase the effectiveness and efficiency of their educational background, their possessed skill and the amount of salary or wages paid to them adjusted to the available condition in creating workers work satisfaction.

Keywords: kepemimpinan, kompensasi, penempatan, kepuasan kerja

 

 




Kualitas Tanaman Campuran Arachis pintoi dan Stenotaphrum secundatum
Yang Telah Beradaptasi Di Areal Pertanaman Kelapa


S. S. Malalantang*), L.J.M. Rumokoy*,#), W.B. Kaunang*), Ch. J. Pontoh*) dan M. R. Waani*)
#) Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas De La Salle Manado, Kampus Kombos
*) Fakultas Peternakan, Universitas Sam Ratulangi Kampus Selatan Unsrat


Abstrak

The empowerment of coconuts culture area as a feed source is an effort to resolve the limit of grass area. The cultivation of the grass which has good quality as well as Arachis pintoi and Stenotaphrum secundatum has been realized through a research since 1993. Both of them are able to be cultivated together which their good ability to adapt in environment after seventeen years taking of different process. The aim of this investigation is to analyze crude fibre and crude protein, which has been elaborated by using the Spearmen test. At first stage there were 3 blocks used and each has dived into 4 blocks. As the results show that there has an increasing of the content of crude protein from 9.32% to be 15.08%, where crude fibre from 26.41% to be 35.45% and therefore we conclude that there has an increasing in mix plants of Arachis pintoi and Stenotaphrum secundatum which their ability to adapt the coconuts plants areas.

Keywords: mix plants, Arachis pintoi, Stenotaphrum secundatum, adaptation, coconuts cultivation area.

 

 




PRODUKSI THE FATE OF MODERNITY
IDENTIFYING THE ANOMALY OF MODERNITY


Valentino Lumowa and Ignatius Rolly Coen Rorah
(Universitas Katolik De La Salle, Manado)

 

Abstrak

Dalam artikel ini, saya berusaha untuk mengidentifikasi anomali yang senantiasa menyertai eksistensi modernitas sebagai salah satu pilar historis perkembangan sejarah pemikiran manusia. Saya menjadikan modernitas sebagai objek material dari proses penelitian filosofis ini. Objek formal yang menjadi perspektif penelitian ini dalam membedah modernitas adalah problem demarkasi dan relasi historis modernitas dengan tonggak sejarah sebelumnya dimana Gereja menjadi penentu utama seluruh sendi kehidupan manusia, terutama di kebudayaan Barat.

Keywords: Modernity, Disenchantment of the World, Iron Cage.

 

 




PENGARUH PEMBERIAN PUPUK ORGANIK TERHADAP PRODUKSI SEGAR DAN BAHAN KERING RUMPUT GAJAH DWARF
(Pennisetum Purpureum Cv. Mott)


W. B. Kaunang
(Faculty of Animal Husbandry, Sam Ratulangi University)

 

Abstrak

This study aimed to determine both fresh and dry matter of dwarf elephant grass (Pennisetum purpureum cv. Mott) who were given organic fertilizer. The study using completely randomized design (CRD), consisting of four treatments and five replications. Level use is P0 (without fertilizer), P1 (fertilizer dose 10% / Kg soil), P2 (fertilizer dose 20% / Kg soil), P3 (30% fertilizer dose / Kg soil). The variables measured were the production of fresh weight, dry matter production. Taking the data for fresh weight and dry matter done at the time that plant harvested. The results of the diversity analysis showed that the treatment gave highly significant effect (P0.05) with P1. From the research conducted it can be concluded that treatment with a dose of 20% (20 tons / Ha) provide optimal results for the production of fresh weight and dry matter production.

Keywords: Organic Fertilizer, Fresh and dry matter, Dwarf elephant grass




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